CCHSS stands for Coastal Community Human Security Survey. The app is used to establish a first-ever addressing system for the island of Ebeye and a demographic baseline for use by local civil authorities charged with providing care.
Ebeye Island had a pre-war Marshallese population of less than 100. Beginning in 1946 relocation efforts by the US military of Marshallese away from nuclear testing sites led to a rapid population increase on Ebeye with very little infrastructure support. Articles from the early 1950s describe Ebeye as a “shantytown”. As a consequence of the ad hoc nature of the original construction, the persistent poverty, and the rapid growth in population, there is a predominance of informal settlement, and no addressing system was ever established. In part as a result of not knowing who was where, the provisioning of services like water, power, healthcare, law enforcement, and mail, has been problematic. An island addressing system was considered highly desirable, especially if coupled with a baseline demographic survey. CCHSS provide the addressing system along with the surveys to cover all the problems of that area.